RTV 440 Videos -- Notes/Review
Broadcast News Training Series
Maricris Briones, Greg Liggins and others talk about basics of
newsgathering, shooting and editing.
Broadcast News Part One "The
1. What does the story focus, or concept, drive you as a
reporter to do?
2. What is a focus statement? Why is it important?
3. What does an Assignment Editor do?
4. What does Maricris Briones say she does first on a
5. What are the two different types of newsrooms?
type is ours?
6. What is the purpose of the staff meeting? What
7. What sources of information are used in the news
8. What is the first question all TV reporters face?
9. What is perishable video? When do you shoot it?
10. What are the wires/news wires?
11. What are sweeps?
12. What is enterprise reporting? Who gets to do it?
13. As Karen Reuter starts to interview the person at the
--what instructions does she
related to the 'point of view' of the shot?
--related to the camera
does the photographer pedestal up with the camera?
--does she record all her
tracks before editing the story or during the edit?
14. "All you hard work goes for naught if you don't make
15. Why is it important that you have the experience of
Broadcast News Program
1. What are your sources of research for a news story?
2. What is the biggest mistake you can make as a broadcast
3. What is the first thing to do before going out to do
4. What does it take to do good interviews?
5. Why should you question everything?
6. What is a beat check?
7. What can a journalist never be afraid of? Why?
8. Why does Larry King say in interviewing the less you
9. What is the main resource for newsgathering?
10. What can you do if you cannot cooperation from an interview
11. What is a PIO? How do you work past this person
12. What does Linda Ellerbee say is an absence of a
question? What does she
say about 'there's no
thing as a bad question'?
3 Field Work
1. What are the extras required for TV reporters versus
radio or newspaper reporters?
2. What does Greg Liggins say about the use of nat sound
reporter track or sound bites?
3. What does the 'one-man band' reporter have to train
himself/herself to do?
4. What does Maricris Briones (and later Greg Liggins) say
finding the right 'shooting ratio?'
5. Karen Reuter says a story should have a beginning, a
and an --------.
6. Note the Brian Pogue tips on shooting:
--checking audio, including 'both
--rule of thirds
--framing interviews/look space
--framing interviews/tightness of shot
--cut off lines/head in a box
--zooms and pans
7. What is a 'shooter?'
8. How is shooting correctly related to good editing?
1. How is the who/what/when/where/why different in
broadcast than in print? (also noted later)
2. How is the broadcast lead different than a print
3. Mitchell Stevens lists what tips about broadcast
4. He also says what about words and pictures?
5. What is logging?
6. How do the pictures dictate what you write?
7. What is 'track?'
8. How do you tell a complete story in a short
time TV news allows?
9. Why is short not cute or fancy?
10. Why is it important to read your copy out loud?
does it relate to writing style?
11. What are the correct verb tense and voice in broadcast
writing? (note the writing examples)
(Notice the reporter 2-shot in the firefighter interview)
12. What is the lead? What are its
Why is it important? How is the lead-in related/important?
13. How do these issues relate to good story writing and
14. What does Mitchell Stephens say makes a good sound
15. What is the most important part of the story?
Part 5 Editing
1. How does the editing of news stories vary by markets
2. What does Maricris Briones do as soon as she gets back
station after shooting a story?
3. What does Mitchell Stevens (bald guy) say is the
good reporter or producer follows?
4. As you're doing the narration, you have to have what is
5. A reader is also called what? What other types do
6. What does going live srom the scene require?
7. Steven Jennings suggests using two different tapes in
for what two purposes?
8. When is it o.k. to use back-to-back sound bites?
the lead-in different?
9. Where should you have natural pauses in your audio?
10. The most common errors and the most irritating thing is
11. Why is nat sound important? What is the rule of
in mixing nat under foreground sound?
12. What is backtiming?
13. Why is the 2-shot an establishing shot?
14. (Notice Karen Reuter's sample package's cutaway shots
15. How is nonlinear editing better than linear?
Civic Journalism: New Questions, Better Stories
How can questions from a reporter 'open up' instead of 'shut
interview? How can a journalist uncover better stories by
listening for patterns instead of just quotes? What one
almost any interview? "I didn't get a quote, I got a
What are open ended questions? How should they be used in
Civic Journalism: A Practical Guide
Framing a Story Video
1. Journalists who live at the extremes and visit the
what compared to those who live in the middle and visit the
What does this mean to how a story is framed?
2. What is a frame? What stories have them?
3. What typical frames are there?
4. Does covering '2 sides of a story' give balance to a
What else should be done?
5. What is the alternative to a story with conflict?
6. How do you find third places / other
What questions should we ask ourselves? How does the play
nude scene fit into this?
7. What does it mean 'more heat than light'?
does 'start where citizens are' mean?
9. What is ‘visual storytelling’ as they describe?
CHANGES IN FRAMING/Applied to Politics
Start where citizens are
Talk to People
Politics as Problem Solving
Pull Out the Essence
What’s your stake?
10. How does all this compare to the 'sweeps hype/roller
Finding Third Places Video
1. How can a journalist use third places as a reporting
2. What is a third voice? 3. What kinds
information can you find in third places that you can't get from
public officials or experts? 4. What is
'stakeholder'? --How does that related to any particular
news story--like Huntsville tax increases or annexation of
areas? How might the city describe the
impact of a new shopping center built next to your
How might you and your neighbors describe the impact?
Who are other stakeholders who
might have a different view?
Tapping your Community Video
1. How do journalists find news? 2. What can
do to get a more complete picture of what's happening inside
communities? 3. What are five of the best
contact for information in Commerce / Hunt County? What
information would you get from
4. Identify the neighborhoods of Commerce. Which do
about and which do you not? Identify ways you can learn
each of our community's neighborhoods.
what you believe is Commerce's biggest issue. Map the
different stakeholders--what components can you place on your
Local News Video One
1. Who is the News Director? 2. Get names of
some other people: Sterlin Benson Webber--reporter; Wanda
Stokes--producer; others--(list) 3. What kinds of
happen at the start of Hour 1 in getting the 5:00 news on?
What is the IFB box S. B. Webber asks about? 5.
company had just bought the station? 6. How do
react to the News Directors' 'sermon'? 7. What
does S. B. Webber get in interviewing school board members?
What is the lawsuit about that's going on? 9. What
decide to do as a special report related to this case?
the dissenting guy say? What do they ultimately do?
this special a 'civic journalism' approach--how or why?
How well does the special do in the ratings? 11.
is the breaking story that happens in the middle of all this?
What is said about how well the News Director and other
ideas from reporters (enterprise reporting ideas) about possible
ideas? 13. What is a PIO? What does the one on
say about spoon feeding the
media? 14. What does the producer (Wanda) say about
the station will become a contender? (right before she is shown
15. How sincere is the News Director in how he talks
before she goes.
Local News Video Two
1. What kind of market is Charlotte described
as? 2. What message does the reporter
Thompson) say News Directors 'don't get' and why don't
they? 3. After the United Way meeting,
the guy in the car (Rolfe Neill) say companies actually get
their civic community/what do they do or not
4. What point of view does the community have about
firing of Beatrice Thompson? Why does she say she's being
5. What does she say about a 'license to make
6. What does the say about the quality of young/new
compared to how she sees herself as a reporter and to the
Oath and to the ideas of consultants?
What does Rolfe Neill say about African Americans voice compared
power of money? 8. Why is
school court case such a significant story? How does it
back to Part One and WCNC's low-rated special report?
What does Keith Connors tell Beatrice Thompson about her
reporting/based on what she says? 10. How does the
station's meeting with irritated black viewers go? Are
(station management) wrong, or are the community members
wrong? 11. What about the woman's point
'transients telling them what to do'?--What does that refer to?
Propaganda Model of News
1. Is the media liberal? Why / why not?
is Noam Chomsky? What is the best technique according to
that the media are not controlled by dominant economic
Do journalists control the manufacture of news? Who does
don’t? 4. How do media content ‘filters’
news? --ownership? --advertising?--the news makers/sources?
What is a ‘think tank?’ 6. What is ‘flak?’
work within this model?
1. Where does the title Manufacturing Consent come from?
2. What must a government do to keep control once it
longer do so by force?
3. How does Noam Chomsky feel about ‘public
Who does Chomsky say makes the decisions about how U. S. society
What two classes of society does Chomsky see within
6. Which media are the ‘agenda setting media?’
What ways is this done? (here's the list they put up
of topics, distribution of concerns, emphasis, framing of
of information, bounding of debate within limits)--what do these
Who owns the media? 9. What does manufactured
What does agenda setting mean? After viewing this, write a
on your notes assessing--What do these mean related to news
other media content?
1. What are examples today of ‘incivility?’
did the one person say we shake hands? 3.
‘broken window’ theory? 4. Lords &
us -- when they start listing 'who's over them'--here's the
king, governor of the country, chief constable, sheriff, deputy,
their master 5. What began in 1875?
Laura says what about Lord of the Flies related to our society?
What does Richard Dreyfuss say about drugs and society?
did the Vietnam war lead to incivility? 9. What did
Watergate scandal do to civility? 10. How does
event reflect the change in society’s formality? How
continue making notes of major points....after viewing, write a
on your notes in which you asses what this means related to news
the media, the media content, and the audience.
Local News 3--The busing aftermath and the hurricanes
Keith Conners says what made them lose $48,000 in the last two
Which newscast is the group trying to fix? What
related to pace and quality are made? What kind of
do some of them have about their viewers? What's wrong
judging news by ratings? How does this relate to civic
journalism? What mistake does the guy on the beach (Mike
make while waiting for his live shot? Why does he get mad?
much do they plan on paying a new producer? What national
person do they run into inside the hotel? Who else does
say he admires? Keith Conners says, when big stories break
have to be -----, you have to be ------, and you have to be
did Sterlin Benson Webber handle the thrown-together live shot?
What are whips? How does the staff respond to Keith
criticism? How does he react to that? How is their
roundtable in-studio group discussion a civic journalism
What is Keith Conners looking at on the
computer while hurricane coverage is on? What does he have
it? How do they disagree about Mike Reddings continued
the hurricane? What does 'booking time at 5 and 6" mean?
the news meeting near the end go (where Redding gets 'senior
Car in the Canal, Airport Security, Vulgar Coach, Tower Climber,